Loading...

5 New Battery Technologies That Could CHANGE EVERYTHING

  • 🎬 Video
  • ℹ️ Description
Batteries are everywhere in today’s hyperconnected electrically propelled society.

First 200 people get 20% off annual premium subscription.
Thanks to Brilliant for sponsoring this video!

What if your electric car could travel 1000 miles on a single charge, charge in 10 minutes, and last for 1 million miles?

Today just about every electric car uses lithium ion batteries. They’re pretty good, but ultimately are heavy and have long charging times for the amount of energy they can store.

According to Elon Musk, battery modules are the main limiting factor in electric vehicle life. In 2019 he said the Tesla Model 3 drive unit is rated for 1 million miles, but the battery isn’t as long lasting.

To handle the predicted demand explosion for electric vehicles over the coming decades, we’ll need to create a breakthrough battery that is cheaper, longer lasting, more durable, and more efficient. We must also address the issues of political and environmental sustainability to ensure batteries remain tenable in an increasingly electric future.

Over 80% of world’s lithium deposits are found in China, and current technology also relies heavily on cobalt, an element mostly found in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

After Tesla’s recent battery day, where Elon Musk announced a larger, tabless 4680 battery cell with improved energy density, greater ease of manufacturing, and lower cost. The world’s attention is now more focused on batteries than ever before, but Tesla isn’t the only show in town.

Lithium air batteries. Metal air batteries have been around for a while. You might find a little zinc air button cell in a hearing aid, for example, but scaled up aluminum and lithium air chemistries are also promising for the automotive and aerospace industries. The potential for lightweight batteries with high energy storage makes this battery technology promising. Lithium air batteries could have a maximum theoretical specific energy of 3,460 W h/kg , almost 10 times more than lithium ion. NASA researchers have also been investigating lithium air batteries for use in aircraft. This technology still has a long way to go before your take your next business trip is in an electric plane.

Nanotech Batteries. Nanotechnology has been a buzzword for several decades, but is now finding applications in everything from nanoelectronics to biomedical engineering, and body armor to extra-slippery clothing irons. Nanomaterials make use of particles and structures 1-100 nanometers in size, essentially one size up from the molecular scale. Carbon nanostructures also show great promise. Graphene is one of the most exciting of these. Amprius go one stage further with their anodes of ‘100% silicon nanowire’. The maker claims that they can achieve 500 Wh/kg which is in the range suitable for enabling electric aircraft in partnership with Airbus. Nanomaterial research is promising

Lithium sulphur batteries are one emerging technology that can offer greatly improved energy densities compared to lithium-ion. The theoretical maximum specific energy of this chemistry is 2,567 Wh/kg compared to lithium ion’s 350 Wh/kg maximum.

Solid state electrolytes. A common theme in emerging technologies so far has been researchers’ desire to develop solid state electrolytes. These would replace flammable organic liquids with stable, crystalline or glassy-state solids, or polymer-base. It is hoped that using these solid electrolytes would enable the use of metallic lithium electrodes to provide higher output voltages and allow for increased energy density. Panasonic have also been looking into solid state electrolytes. It is notable that Tesla have been partnered with Panasonic in their existing lithium-ion manufacturing capacity, but it is Toyota who have publicly announced their collaboration with Panasonic to develop next generation solid state batteries.
Samsung too are working on solid state batteries.

Dual carbon batteries. Two carbon electrodes and a non-toxic electrolyte with the ability to extract more power than from conventional lithium ion, and their ability to charge 20 times faster, and these lithium-ion variants could be the future for electric vehicles.

Better batteries are also important for the advancement of stationary storage from renewable energy sources such as solar power. Tesla is also making headway into this sector, with products like the powerwall home battery, and powerpack commercial energy storage products.

The technologies discussed in this video could have huge implications on different battery powered transportation options besides just electric cars. Imagine the potential in everything from electric bikes to electric scooters and electric boats to electric airplanes. Consumer electronics also stand to experience vast improvements in battery life in devices such as smart phones, laptops, cameras, and more. The future is electric!

💬 Comments on the video
Author

As Elon Musk has previously said, "Everything Works in PowerPoint"!
He's also said, "Making a Prototype in the Lab is easy. Scaling to mass production is DIFFICULT".
Tesla's battery technology may not be perfect, but at least it has been PROVEN to work, NOW! Charging rates continue to improve. Battery life continues to improve. Range continues to improve. And costs continue to come down, albeit much more slowly now. IF their recently announced combined changes result in an over 50% cost reduction per Kwh, that is a definite "Step Change". When/if ANY of these newer technologies work out, I'm sure Tesla WILL move quickly to adapt. They have a track record of demonstrating continuous innovation.
And NO, I do NOT own a Tesla nor have any plans to do so in the near future. But I like to see results rather than just promises.

Author — Clayton Root

Author

I was disappointed not to see anything on the up and coming "glass" battery by Dr. Goodenough's team.

Author — Don Bahlman

Author

It could change they said, but we are stuck with Li-ion for decades.

Author — Levente Kolcsar

Author

You lost your bet. I'm watching this on my PC. Hahahhahahaha!

Author — HunterXray

Author

17:44 wait does that place actually exist? Or I'm tripping

Author — Minami解釈

Author

You do not talk about the need for batteries that store grid quantities of electricity at an affordable price.

Author — Mike Davidson

Author

I love my electronics but hearing about how and where the materials that make batteries comes from is truly eye opening

Author — Sandy Mccabe

Author

that carbon-carbon battery sounds ideal for wind farms and other grid scale battery.

Author — G11713

Author

GREAT VOICEOVER! GOOD FLOW, ENUNCIATION, PITCH ETC! It's really hard to find a video with so much great information relayed to the viewer in such a comfortable and seamless way. Thank you for all the time and effort you put into this! Keep up the GREAT WORK!

Author — Levi Olive

Author

Something to note about gasoline vs lithium: while a gallon of has contains over 30 kwh of energy, internal combustion engines are only like 25-35% efficient in contrast to electric motors being well over 90% efficient.

Author — Dwight Parker

Author

Been hearing about batteries and their improvement for over 20 years. Each year it is something new that never comes to fruition.

Author — Gary George

Author

I don't understand anything his saying maybe in few more years I will understand.

Author — GLime

Author

Everybody seems to be producing videos about batteries of the future but nothing ever changes. It’s the technology that stuck in the lab

Author — Mr Dog

Author

Reminds me of fusion. Been watching videos on amazing new batteries for years and it seems they're always five years away. Haven't seen any really large boosts in performance at the consumer level. Always small incremental improvements.

Author — Mergatroid Mania

Author

Using gallons, watts and Joules. Please just use the International Unit system...

Author — Twoplank Alex

Author

Ooooo 100 charge cycles. that's some heavy testing lol

Author — Mr Banda

Author

This video is amazing. Thank you so much for sharing this wonderful content.

Author — David Self

Author

Alas, way too much continued dependence on Lithium in all these technologies.

Author — shubus

Author

Molten salts work well in large systems, especially for retaining the heat from focused sunlight

Author — Dave Haynes

Author

Many Thanks, this is great, very fruitful informative on Updated Battery Technologies.

Author — Dr.-Ing. Jiratkwin R