Turkey’s Culture War Widens After Iconic Hagia Sophia Reopens As A Mosque | NBC News

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The Byzantine cathedral turned Ottoman mosque is a famous tourist destination in Istanbul. A Turkish court ruled that the Hagia Sophia can be converted from a museum to a mosque in July, spurring global controversy and backlash.

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Turkey’s Culture War Widens After Iconic Hagia Sophia Reopens As A Mosque | NBC News

💬 Comments on the video

“That’s our heritage” literally a min earlier built by a Byzantium as a church for Christians

Author — Tama Matu


When I look at Erdogan in the eyes I feel as if I'm looking at Hitler.

Author — MugenMonster


When Greece was under Ottoman rule, the Ottomans turned the Parthenon to a Mosque.
Now the question is.
Does anyone think that the Parthenon was ever, EVER a mosque?
Same here.

Author — technics291


It is a beautiful cathedral. I've been inside and it's amazing.

Author — Dwarfedgiant


The status of the iconic HAGIA SOPHIA throughout history:

● 537 - 1204: Eastern Orthodox cathedral.
● 1204 - 1261: Roman Catholic cathedral.
● 1261 - 1453: Eastern Orthodox cathedral.
● 1453 - 1934: Mosque.
● 1935 - 2020: Museum.
● From July 24, 2020 onwards: Mosque.

Author — Elisha Rania Suleiman


by Greek architects their names Isidoros and anthemios others built it and others are proud

Author — Giannhs Soldatos


Hagia Sophia is a powerful symbol to Istanbul. As a church, it the holiest shrine to Eastern Orthodox Christianity. As a mosque, it is the symbol of Islam's conquest. As a museum, it is a symbol of Ataturk's secular policy.

Author — MrLantean


Looks like someone is having a delusion of grandeur just like a certain someone in 1934-1945

Author — Benedict Alesandro


Now I discover hagia Sofia it makes me want to visit it

Author — Musa Altao


So many threats expressed here to take over European property. So much for the religion of peace.

Author — POPPY Calliope


Are they at least allowing tours for people wishing to see it?
Do they still have museum exhibits?
Is it still open to the public (even non Muslims)?

Author — TheWinged Hussar


''a symbol of turkish shared heritage'' ? i mean really ? really ?

Author — melnibone oeo


What a beautiful mosque the Hagia Sophia is.

Author — THE-VICE


I want to see the day that Turkey is going to launch these H-IIA Missiles to space

Author — Andreas Neofytou


Hagia Sophia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Greek Orthodox cathedral (537–1204, 1261–1453)
Roman Catholic cathedral (1204–1261)
Mosque (1453–1931, 2020–present)
Museum (1935–2020)
Completion date 537; 1483 years ago

Dedicated to Wisdom of God, in reference to the Logos, the second person of the Holy Trinity[1]

'Hagia Sophia (/ˈhɑːɡiə soʊˈfiːə/; from Koinē Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία, romanized: Hagía Sophía; Latin: Sancta Sophia, lit. 'Holy Wisdom'), officially the Hagia Sophia Grand Mosque (Turkish: Ayasofya-i Kebir Camii Şerifi)[2] and formerly the Church of Hagia Sophia, is a Late Antique place of worship in Istanbul. Built in 537 as the patriarchal cathedral of the imperial capital of Constantinople, it was the largest Christian church of the eastern Roman Empire (the Byzantine Empire) and the Eastern Orthodox Church, except during the Latin Empire from 1204 to 1261, when it became the city's Roman Catholic cathedral. In 1453, after the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire, it was converted into a mosque. In 1935 the secular Turkish Republic established it as a museum. In 2020, it re-opened as a mosque.'

Author — Julie Mitchell


Turkey punching itself and it's history

Author — Pol Basilio


Turkey mosque is so beautiful inshallah one day i will visit turkey

Author — Hassan muhammad


আয়া সোফিয়া সম্পর্কে বাংলায় জানতে ভিডিয়োটি দেখতে পারেন

Author — Abeer


As a museum it was a beautiful masterpiece of architecture and a symbol of Turkey all around the world. Now it's just a religious temple. Since it has been opened as a mosque the once stunning marble floor has been covered with a hideous green rug and all images of human beings, including mosaic works have been covered. It's a pity, really and I do believe that it will cost Turkey to loose many tourists. Especially because it has been partly divided into a male and a female part. It's a step back from Turkey as a country which was viewed as a modern Islamic state to an orthodox one. Religion and politics have won over the culture and heritage. It's a pitiful sight and a symbolic one. Something that was a bridge between the East and the West has collapsed and only an Eastern part is left.

Author — RainyWolf



In order to determine whether Muhammad was a descendant of Ishmael ( from Abraham ) or not, it is absolutely essential to consider four vital facts which the Qur’an reveals on this matter. A comprehensive study of these four vital facts is absolutely a must to establish the truth. The truth about Muhammad will be established in this article. Consider now the evidences from the sources of Islam itself.


The Qur’an clearly testifies that no Messengers or Prophets were ever sent to the Arabs before the time of Muhammad:

Surah 28:46-47: Nor were you present on the side of Mount Sinai when We called out to Moses. But you too have been sent as an act of grace from your Lord, to give warning to a people to whom no Warner has come before, so that they may take heed and may not say, if a disaster should befall them as a result of what they have done with their own hands, ‘Lord, if only You had sent us a messenger, we might have followed Your message and become believers.’ (Abdel Haleem)

Surah 32:3: Or do they say, “He (Muhammad) has invented it?” Nay! It is the truth from your Lord that you may warn a people to whom no Warner has come before you, that they may follow the right direction. (H. S. Aziz)

Surah 34:44: And We have not given them (Arabs) any Books (Scripture) which they read, nor did We send to them before you a Warner. (H. S. Aziz)

Surah 36:2-6: I call to witness the Qur’an, custodian of all laws, That you are indeed one of those sent on a path that is straight, A revelation from the mighty, ever-merciful God, That you may warn a people whose ancestors had never been warned, who are therefore heedless. (H. S. Aziz)


Yet at the same instance, the Qur’an testifies that Ishmael was both a Messenger and a Prophet of Allah:

Surah 19:54: And remember Ishmael in the Book. Truly, he had been one who is sincere in his promise, and he had been a Messenger, a Prophet. (Laleh Bakhtiar)


The Qur’an repeatedly testifies that the Arabs – the forefathers of Muhammad – never received any Scriptures of Allah before the time of Muhammad:

Surah 6:157: Or lest ye should say: If the Scripture had been revealed unto us, we surely had been better guided than are they. Now hath there come unto you a clear proof from your Lord, a guidance and a mercy. (Pickthall)

Surah 11:49: This is of the tidings of the Unseen which We inspire in thee (Muhammad). Thou thyself knewest it not, nor did thy folk know it before this. Then have patience. Lo! The sequel is for those who ward off (evil). (Pickthall)

Surah 34:44: And We have not given them (Arabs) any Books (Scripture) which they read, nor did We send to them before you a Warner. (H. S. Aziz)

Surah 62:2: He it is who has sent a Messenger among those who had never before received a Scripture – to convey unto them His Messages. (Shabbir Ahmed)


On the other hand, the Qur’an clearly states that Ishmael was given the Scriptures of Allah:

Surah 6:86-89: And Ishmael and Elisha and Jonah and Lot… These are they unto whom We gave the Scripture and command and prophethood. (Pickthall)

Surah 4:163: We have sent revelations to you as We sent revelations to Noah and the prophets who came after him; and We sent revelations to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob, and their offspring, and to Jesus and Job, and to Jonah and Aaron and Solomon, and to David We gave the Book of Psalms. (Ahmed Ali)

Surah 3:84: Say (O Muhammad): We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob. (Pickthall)

In addition to the above facts, the Qur’an also provides another vital piece of information that is equally important in our discussion. The Qur’an admits that prior to the time of Muhammad only two groups of people – the Jews and the Christians – received the Scriptures of Allah. No other national groups are named in the Qur’an as ever receiving the Scriptures of Allah. It is essential for Muslims to remember this vital fact that is taught in the Qur’an:

Surah 6:155-156: And this (Qur’an) is a Book which We have revealed full of blessings. So now follow it and fear Allah persistently so that you are shown mercy. The Qur’an has been revealed lest you should say: ‘The heavenly Book was only sent down before us to the two communities (the Jews and the Christians), and undoubtedly, we were unaware of their reading and teaching.’ (Mohammad Tahir-ul-Qadri)

Substantiating this fact even further, the Qur’an recognizes only three Books by name as the revealed Books of Allah before the time of Islam. These three Books are the Torah, the Psalms, and the Gospel. That is why only the Jews and the Christians are recognized as the “People of the Scripture” or as the “People of the Book” in the Qur’an. Not even the Muslims are recognized as such.

Surah 5:68: Say (O Muhammad) “O People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! You have nothing as regards till you act according to the Torah and the Gospel. (Hilali-Khan)

Therefore, the Scripture which the Qur’an claims that was given to Ishmael cannot be for the guidance of the Arabs. This fact is supported by numerous Qur’anic verses which state clearly that the Arabs were not given any Scriptures before the time of Muhammad. The Arabic Qur’an which was revealed at the time of Muhammad is the only Scripture that was given to the Arabs. Prior to this they had none:

Surah 32:3: Or say they: “He (Muhammad) has fabricated it?” Nay, it is the truth from your Lord, that you may warn a people to whom no Warner has come before you (O Muhammad), in order that they may be guided. (Hilali-Khan)

All the above facts are based not on any external sources. They are all based on the Qur’an – the primary source of Islam. What essential truth can Muslims learn when we piece all these vital facts together? The following segment will answer this question.


The above verses of the Qur’anic clearly state that no Scriptures were given to the ancestors of Muhammad. Yet at the same instance, the Qur’an reveals that the Prophet Ishmael was given the Scriptures of Allah. Logically, if the Prophet Ishmael was truly an ancestor of Muhammad, then this would mean that the ancestors of Muhammad had already received the Scriptures of Allah before the time of Muhammad. Thus, for the Qur’an to be true, the Prophet Ishmael simply cannot be an ancestor of Muhammad as claimed by the Muslims. How are Muslims going to reconcile the claim in the Qur’an that no Scriptures were given to the ancestors of Muhammad with the verses which state that the Prophet Ishmael was given the Scriptures of Allah if the Prophet Ishmael was truly an ancestor of Muhammad? With no Scriptures to prove the lineage between the Prophet Ishmael and Muhammad, how can Muslims then assume that Muhammad was a descendant of the Prophet Ishmael?

Furthermore, besides stating that no Scriptures were ever given to the ancestors of Muhammad, the Qur’an also states that neither were any Prophets sent to them. Yet, the Qur’an clearly testifies that Ishmael was a Prophet of Allah. If the Prophet Ishmael was truly an ancestor of Muhammad, this would then mean that a Prophet of Allah was already living amidst the ancestors of Muhammad. Thus, it would be a gross error for the Qur’an to state that no Prophets were sent to the ancestors of Muhammad who were Arabs. However, since the Qur’an states positively that no Prophets were sent to the ancestors of Muhammad, this proves that the Prophet Ishmael could not have lived or set foot in Arabia as Muslims claims. The only option that now remains for Muslims to accept the Qur’an as true is to acknowledge the fact that Muhammad simply cannot be a descendant of the Prophet Ishmael. Muslims who challenge or deny this fact will be proving the Qur’an false.

Author — Manuel Delacroix